John C. Fremont campiert mit seiner Expedition in Las Vegas Springs. , Mormonen aus Salt Lake City errichten ein Fort, um den Handelsweg nach Los. Las Vegas reizt mit seinen vielen Versuchungen, seinen grellen Gingen als "Rat Pack" in die Geschichte ein: Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr. und Frank Sinatra. Stadtgeschichte.
Las Vegas HistoryLas Vegas ist die größte Stadt im Bundesstaat Nevada - Sie wollen mehr erfahren? Geschichte: Das Gebiet um Las Vegas wurde von mexikanischen. John C. Fremont campiert mit seiner Expedition in Las Vegas Springs. , Mormonen aus Salt Lake City errichten ein Fort, um den Handelsweg nach Los. In den ersten Jahren seiner Existenz war Las Vegas nur ein Eisenbahnknotenpunkt in der Mitte der Mojave-Wüste in Nevada. Glückspiel war lange verboten.
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Beim Geschichte Las Vegas Angebot kann der Spieler jeden Handgriff Geschichte Las Vegas englisch sprechenden Dealer rund. - Wie entstand die Casinometropole in der Wüste?In den letzten Jahren konnte sich die Wirtschaft wieder erholen und verzeichnete im nationalen Vergleich überdurchschnittliche Wachstumsraten.
Top-drawer talent was booked for its lounges and dozens of celebrities attended its Christmas Day opening. Siegel was murdered in , but his vision for Las Vegas lived on: During the s and s, mobsters helped build the Sahara, the Sands, the New Frontier and the Riviera.
Money from organized crime combined with funds from more respectable investors—Wall Street banks, union pension funds, the Mormon Church and the Princeton University endowment.
Tourists flocked to the resorts—8 million a year by —drawn by performers such as Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin and Elvis Presley, and by rows of slot machines and gaming tables.
From the s onward Las Vegas enjoyed a military boom as World War II bases gave way to Cold War facilities, most famously the Nevada Test Site, where over nuclear bombs were detonated above ground between and In Howard Hughes checked into the penthouse of the Desert Inn and never left, preferring to buy the hotel rather than face eviction.
Over the next two decades the strip was transformed yet again: Old casinos were dynamited to make room for massive complexes taking their aesthetic cues from ancient Rome and Egypt, Paris, Venice, New York and other glamorous escapes.
In , even as residents faced recession, rising unemployment and a housing price collapse, the city still received nearly 40 million visitors.
A celebration of this era has become known as Helldorado Days. Although the suppression efforts resulted in declines at gambling venues and resulted in a business downturn, the city was recharged—both literally and figuratively—when the dam was completed in In , Southern Nevada Power became the first utility to supply power from the dam, and Las Vegas was its first customer.
Electricity flowed into Las Vegas and Fremont Street became known as Glitter Gulch due to the many bright lights powered by electricity from Hoover Dam.
Meanwhile, although the dam worker population disappeared, Hoover Dam and its reservoir, Lake Mead , turned into tourist attractions on their own and the need for additional higher-class hotels became clear.
In , U. Route 95 was finally extended south into Las Vegas, giving the city two major access roads. Also in Las Vegas's first permanent radio station , KENO , began broadcasting replacing the niche occupied earlier by transient broadcasters.
On January 25, , the U. Mayor John L. Russell signed over land to the U. Army Quartermaster Corps for this development. The gunnery school later would become Nellis Air Force Base.
The U. Army was not pleased with the legal prostitution in Las Vegas and in forced Las Vegas to outlaw the practice, putting Block 16, the local red light district , permanently out of business.
The hotel gained much of its fame from the gourmet buffet that it offered. On October 30, , Texas cinema magnate R. Griffith rebuilt on the site of a nightclub called Pair-O-Dice ,  that first opened in , and renamed it Hotel Last Frontier.
A few more resorts were built on and around Fremont Street, but it was the next hotel on the Strip that publicly demonstrated the influence of organized crime on Las Vegas.
Although ethnic organized crime figures had been involved in some of the operations at the hotels, the Mafia bosses never owned or controlled the hotels and clubs which remained monopolized by hard-bitten local Las Vegas families who were unwilling to cede ground to the crime bosses and proved strong enough to push back.
This changed in post-war Las Vegas when Jewish gangster Bugsy Siegel , with help from friend and fellow mob boss Meyer Lansky , poured money through locally owned banks for cover of legitimacy and built The Flamingo in Siegel modeled his enterprises on the long-running gambling empire in Galveston, Texas , which had pioneered the high-class casino concepts that became mainstays on the Strip.
The Flamingo initially lost money and Siegel died in a hail of gunfire in Beverly Hills, California in the summer of Additionally, local police and Clark County Sheriff deputies were notorious for their heavy-handed tactics toward mobsters who "grew too big for their pants.
After gambling was legalized, the Bank of Las Vegas, led by E. Parry Thomas , became the first bank to lend money to the casinos, which Thomas regarded as the most important businesses in Las Vegas.
Gambling was no longer the only attraction; the biggest stars of films and music like Frank Sinatra , Dean Martin , Andy Williams , Liberace , Bing Crosby , Carol Channing , and others performed in intimate settings.
After coming to see these stars, the tourists would resume gambling, and then eat at the gourmet buffets that have become a staple of the casino industry.
It was the seventh of 14 hearings held by the commission. The hearings established that Las Vegas interests were required to pay Siegel to get the race wire transmitting the results of horse and dog races, prizefight results and other sports action into their casinos.
The hearing concluded that organized crime money was incontrovertibly tied to the Las Vegas casinos and was becoming the controlling interest in the city, earning the organized crime groups vast amounts of income, strengthening their influence in the country.
This led to a proposal by the Senate to institute federal gambling control. Nevada's Senator Pat McCarran was instrumental in defeating the measure in committee.
Along with their connections in Hollywood and New York City, these interests in Las Vegas were able to use publicity provided by these media capitals to steer the rapid growth of tourism into Las Vegas, thereby dooming Galveston, Texas ; Hot Springs, Arkansas ; and other illegal gaming centers around the nation.
While the Strip was booming, the U. Atomic Energy Commission on January 27, detonated the first of over a hundred atmospheric explosions at the Nevada Test Site.
Despite the dangers and risks of radiation exposure from the fallout, which were greatly underestimated at the time, Las Vegas advertised the explosions as another tourist attraction   and offered Atomic Cocktails in the Sky Room restaurant at the Desert Inn that provided the highest view of the mushroom clouds.
Parry Thomas during those years funded the growing boom in casinos. But Las Vegas was doing more than growing casinos.
In , McCarran Field was established for commercial air traffic. In the University of Nevada, Las Vegas was first established, initially as a branch of the University of Nevada, Reno and becoming independent in A new utility company, Southwest Gas expanded into Las Vegas in These atmospheric tests would continue until enactment of the Partial Test Ban Treaty in when the tests moved underground.
But soon enough, many mobsters received investments from reputable groups such as Wall Street banks and the Mormon Church. In , billionaire and businessman Howard Hughes was staying at the Desert Inn.
He decided he did not want to leave and opted to purchase the hotel instead. He bought over a dozen more hotels, slowly pushing out mobster-owned hotels that dominated the city.
By the s, Mafia-financed casinos had disappeared. In , Steve Wynn instigated a new trend in hotel design and construction: the mega hotel.
He opened the Mirage , the first glamorous resort hotel in Las Vegas. Transformed over the next two decades, the Strip saw many developments inspired by iconic cities, such as New York , Paris , and Rome , and countries, including Egypt.
By , Las Vegas had more than 86, hotel and motel rooms, with 13 of the 20 largest resort hotels on the planet. Entertainment and casinos remain the biggest source of income in Las Vegas.
In the case of Las Vegas, this especially applies to the areas on and near the Las Vegas Strip , which is actually located within the unincorporated communities of Paradise and Winchester.
Nomadic Paleo-Indians traveled to Las Vegas 10, years ago, leaving behind petroglyphs. Anasazi and Paiute tribes followed at least 2, years ago.
A young Mexican scout named Rafael Rivera is credited as the first non- Native American to encounter the valley, in Downtown Las Vegas's Fremont Street is named after him.
The fort was abandoned several years afterward. In , Las Vegas was incorporated as a city. At that time, Nevada legalized casino gambling and reduced residency requirements for divorce to six weeks.
This year also witnessed the beginning of construction on nearby Hoover Dam. The influx of construction workers and their families helped Las Vegas avoid economic calamity during the Great Depression.
The construction work was completed in In late , Las Vegas Army Airfield was established. Following World War II, lavishly decorated hotels, gambling casinos, and big-name entertainment became synonymous with Las Vegas.
During this time, the city was nicknamed the "Atomic City". Residents and visitors were able to witness the mushroom clouds and were exposed to the fallout until , when the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty required that nuclear tests be moved underground.
In , the Moulin Rouge Hotel opened and became the first racially integrated casino-hotel in Las Vegas. The iconic " Welcome to Las Vegas " sign, which has never been located within municipal limits, was created in by Betty Willis.
During the s, corporations and business tycoons such as Howard Hughes were building and buying hotel-casino properties. Gambling was referred to as "gaming", which transitioned it into a legitimate business.
This canopied five-block area features Due to the realization of many revitalization efforts, was dubbed "The Year of Downtown.
Las Vegas is situated within Clark County , in a basin on the floor of the Mojave Desert ,  and is surrounded by mountain ranges on all sides.
Much of the landscape is rocky and arid, with desert vegetation and wildlife. It can be subjected to torrential flash floods, although much has been done to mitigate the effects of flash floods through improved drainage systems.
According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of After Alaska and California, Nevada is the third most seismically active state in the U.
Within the city, there are many lawns, trees and other greenery. Due to water resource issues, there has been a movement to encourage xeriscapes.
Another part of conservation efforts is scheduled watering days for residential landscaping. Environmental Protection Agency grant in funded a program that analyzed and forecast growth and environmental impacts through the year Las Vegas has a subtropical hot desert climate Köppen climate classification : BWh , typical of the Mojave Desert in which it lies.
This climate is typified by long, extremely hot summers; warm transitional seasons; and short winters with mild days and cool nights.
The summer months of June through September are extremely hot, though moderated by extremely low humidity. July is the hottest month, with an average daytime high of The window of opportunity for the monsoon to affect Las Vegas usually falls between July and August, although this is inconsistent and varies considerably in its impact from year to year.
Las Vegas winters are short and generally very mild, with chilly but rarely cold daytime temperatures. Like all seasons, sunshine is abundant.
December is both the year's coolest and cloudiest month, with an average daytime high of Owing to its elevation that ranges from 2, feet to 3, feet, Las Vegas experiences markedly cooler winters than other areas of the Mojave Desert and the adjacent Sonoran Desert that are closer to sea level.
Consequently, the city records freezing temperatures an average of 16 nights per winter. The mountains immediately surrounding the Las Vegas Valley accumulate snow every winter, but significant accumulation within the city is rare, although moderate accumulations do occur every few years.
The most recent accumulations occurred on February 18, when parts of the city received about 1 to 2 inches 2. According to the Census , the racial composition of Las Vegas was as follows: .
The city's most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic Whites,  have proportionally declined from Hispanics or Latinos of any race make up Of those According to research by demographer William H.
Frey , using data from the United States Census , Las Vegas has the second lowest level of black-white segregation of any of the largest metropolitan areas in the United States, after Tucson, Arizona.
Hawaiians and Las Vegans alike sometimes refer to Las Vegas as the "ninth island of Hawaii " because so many Hawaiians have moved to the city.
As of the census  of , there were , people, , households, and , families residing in the city. The population density was 4, There were , housing units at an average density of 1, As of , there were , households, out of which The average household size was 2.
The median age was 34 years. For every females, there were For every females age 18 and over, there were Daher stammt auch die Namensgebung, denn "Las Vegas" bedeutet "grüne Auen".
Die Stadtgründung erfolgte Der erste kommerzielle Flug nach Las Vegas fand statt. Der steile Aufstieg der bedeutungslosen Siedlung hatte drei Ursachen.